What is the most common route of accidental exposure to bloodborne pathogen in the workplace?
For a bloodborne pathogen to be spread, the bodily fluids of an infected person must enter into the bloodstream of another person. The most common cause of transmission in the workplace is when an infected person’s blood enters another person’s bloodstream through an open wound.
What is the most common bloodborne pathogen exposure route in the healthcare setting?
In the health care setting , blood-borne pathogen transmission occurs predominantly by percutaneous or mucosal exposure of workers to the blood or body fluids of infected patients.
What is contagious and represents the greatest risk for occupational exposure?
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk .
Which bloodborne pathogen affects the liver?
The Hepatitis B virus is known as a bloodborne virus , because it is transmitted from one person to another via blood or fluids contaminated with blood. The virus attacks the liver. It can cause scarring of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.
What is the first thing you should do if you are exposed to blood or body fluid?
Wash your hands immediately after any exposure to blood or body fluids, even if you wear gloves. If you get splashed in the eyes , nose, or mouth, flush with water. If you are pricked by a needle (needlestick), contact your doctor right away for further advice.
What are four main ways that you can become infected with a bloodborne pathogen?
There are four main methods of contracting bloodborne pathogens : Direct contact. When infected fluids from one individual enter another individual’s body. Indirect contact. Respiratory droplet transmission. Vector-borne transmission.
What are the main blood borne viruses?
Blood-borne viruses (BBVs) include hepatitis B , hepatitis C , and HIV . If untreated, HIV can cause Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
What is the most common transmission mode for blood borne infections?
Bloodborne pathogens are most commonly transmitted through: Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps. Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids . Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids . Sexual Contact.
Who is high risk for carrying a bloodborne pathogen?
Workers in many occupations, including first responders, housekeeping personnel in some industries, nurses and other healthcare personnel, all may be at risk for exposure to bloodborne pathogens .
Who do you think is at risk for exposure to BBP?
All health workers – including waste disposal workers, and emergency and safety workers exposed to the risk of bloodborne pathogens – are at risk of exposure . They should be immunized either before training or as soon as possible when at work, unless they are already immunized (15).
What is the most common infection transmitted to healthcare workers?
HEALTHCARE WORKERS Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP): HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B , Hepatitis C . Influenza (FLU) Seasonal. Pandemic. Avian. Swine. Ebola. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Tuberculosis (TB ) Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
What should you do first if you get stuck by a dirty needle?
If you pierce or puncture your skin with a used needle , follow this first aid advice immediately: encourage the wound to bleed, ideally by holding it under running water. wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap. do not scrub the wound while you ‘ re washing it . do not suck the wound.
Does HVD affect the liver?
Chronic HDV infection worsens the preexisting HBV-related liver damage . HDV -associated chronic liver disease (chronic hepatitis D) is characterized by necroinflammation and the relentless deposition of collagen culminating, within a few decades, into the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids: hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids. hepatitis C – blood . human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk. cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.
What disinfectant kills hepatitis?
USE BLEACH + WATER TO KILL HEPATITIS A Bleach kills hep A.