What virus is contagious and represents the greatest risk for occupational exposure?
Bloodborne pathogens and workplace sharps injuries. Human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ), hepatitis B virus ( HBV ), and hepatitis C virus ( HCV ) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.
What are the primary modes of transmission in the workplace?
The most common cause of transmission in the workplace is when an infected person’s blood enters another person’s bloodstream through an open wound. Occupational Exposure. Definitions. Training Program Minimum Standards. Exposure Control Plan. Exposure Determination. Work Activities Involving Potential Exposure to.
What are the two principal blood borne pathogens of concern?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious organisms in blood and other body fluids that can cause chronic and life-threatening disease in humans. The main bloodborne pathogens of concern are hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the organism that causes AIDS.
How long do blood borne pathogens live?
Hepatitis B virus can live in dried blood for up to a week. Hepatitis C virus can survive for up to four days . Work surfaces that become contaminated with blood or other body fluids* can expose you to a bloodborne disease through cross-contamination.
Which viruses attack the liver?
The liver is involved in infections by hepatotropic viruses that replicate in the liver and for which the liver is the main target. These include hepatitis A , hepatitis B , hepatitis C , and hepatitis E viruses .
Can I get hep C from touching blood?
In order for hepatitis C (also called HCV ) to be transmitted there must be blood to blood contact. This means that the blood from someone with hepatitis C would have to get into the bloodstream (cut or open wound) of someone else. People with hepatitis C often worry about giving it to others that they live with.
What is the most common transmission mode for blood borne infections?
Bloodborne pathogens are most commonly transmitted through: Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps. Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids . Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids . Sexual Contact.
What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?
Feces, nasal secretions, saliva , sputum, sweat , tears , urine , and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.
Which route of entry contains the highest risk of BBP transmission?
Besides sexual contact, the most likely route of entry for contaminated bodily fluids to enter our body is through absorption . Absorption occurs when infectious material is absorbed into the body through contact with open sores or cuts in the skin or contact with mucus membranes .
What blood borne viruses attack the liver?
The Hepatitis B virus is known as a bloodborne virus, because it is transmitted from one person to another via blood or fluids contaminated with blood. The virus attacks the liver. It can cause scarring of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.
What are some blood borne diseases?
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people. There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria, syphilis , and brucellosis , and most notably Hepatitis B ( HBV ), Hepatitis C ( HCV ) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV ).
What is the OSHA standard for bloodborne pathogens?
What is the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard ? OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) as amended pursuant to the 2000 Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act, is a regulation that prescribes safeguards to protect workers against health hazards related to bloodborne pathogens .
How long can hep C live on fabric?
Ronald ValdiserriA recent study by researchers from the Yale Schools of Medicine and Public Health revealed that the hepatitis C virus ( HCV ) can remain infectious for up to 6 weeks on surfaces at room temperature—resulting in a much longer period for potential transmission than was previously appreciated.
What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids: hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids. hepatitis C – blood . human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk. cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.
Can blood borne diseases be cured?
Currently, there is no cure for HIV or AIDS, so this diseases can be life threatening. Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV). Nationwide, more than 1 million people are infected with Hepatitis B. This virus can lead to liver cancer, chronic liver disease , and death if left untreated.